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Bill C-10

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Second Session, Forty-third Parliament,
69-70 Elizabeth II, 2020-2021
HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA
BILL C-10
An Act to amend the Broadcasting Act and to make related and consequential amendments to other Acts
AS PASSED
BY THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
June 21, 2021
90961


SUMMARY

This enactment amends the Broadcasting Act to, among other things,
(a)add online undertakings — undertakings for the transmission or retransmission of programs over the Internet — as a distinct class of broadcasting undertakings;
(b)update the broadcasting policy for Canada set out in section 3 of that Act by, among other things, providing that the Canadian broadcasting system should serve the needs and interests of all Canadians — including Canadians from racialized communities and Canadians of diverse ethnocultural backgrounds — and should provide opportunities for Indigenous persons, programming that reflects Indigenous cultures and that is in Indigenous languages, and programming that is accessible without barriers to persons with disabilities;
(c)specify that the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (the “Commission”) must regulate and supervise the Canadian broadcasting system in a manner that
(i)takes into account the different characteristics of Indigenous language broadcasting and the different conditions under which broadcasting undertakings that provide Indigenous language programming operate,
(ii)is fair and equitable as between broadcasting undertakings providing similar services,
(iii)facilitates the provision of programs that are accessible without barriers to persons with disabilities, and
(iv)takes into account the variety of broadcasting undertakings to which that Act applies and avoids imposing obligations on a class of broadcasting undertakings if doing so will not contribute in a material manner to the implementation of the broadcasting policy;
(d)amend the procedure relating to the issuance by the Governor in Council of policy directions to the Commission;
(e)replace the Commission’s power to impose conditions on a licence with a power to make orders imposing conditions on the carrying on of broadcasting undertakings;
(f)provide the Commission with the power to require that persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings make expenditures to support the Canadian broadcasting system;
(g)authorize the Commission to provide information to the Minister responsible for that Act, the Chief Statistician of Canada and the Commissioner of Competition, and set out in that Act a process by which a person who submits certain types of information to the Commission may designate the information as confidential;
(h)amend the procedure by which the Governor in Council may, under section 28 of that Act, set aside a decision of the Commission to issue, amend or renew a licence or refer such a decision back to the Commission for reconsideration and hearing;
(i)specify that a person shall not carry on a broadcasting undertaking, other than an online undertaking, unless they do so in accordance with a licence or they are exempt from the requirement to hold a licence;
(j)harmonize the punishments for offences under Part II of that Act and clarify that a due diligence defence applies to the existing offences set out in that Act; and
(k)allow for the imposition of administrative monetary penalties for violations of certain provisions of that Act or of the Accessible Canada Act.
The enactment also makes related and consequential amendments to other Acts.
Available on the House of Commons website at the following address:
www.ourcommons.ca


2nd Session, 43rd Parliament,
69-70 Elizabeth II, 2020-2021
HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA
BILL C-10
An Act to amend the Broadcasting Act and to make related and consequential amendments to other Acts
Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:
1991, c. 11

Broadcasting Act

1(1)The definitions broadcasting, broadcasting undertaking, distribution undertaking, network and programming undertaking in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act are respectively replaced by the following:
broadcasting means any transmission of programs — regardless of whether the transmission is scheduled or on demand or whether the programs are encrypted or not — by radio waves or other means of telecommunication for reception by the public by means of broadcasting receiving apparatus, but does not include any such transmission of programs that is made solely for performance or display in a public place; (radiodiffusion)
broadcasting undertaking includes a distribution undertaking, an online undertaking, a programming undertaking and a network; (entreprise de radiodiffusion)
distribution undertaking means an undertaking for the reception of broadcasting and its retransmission by radio waves or other means of telecommunication to more than one permanent or temporary residence or dwelling unit or to another such undertaking, but does not include such an undertaking that is an online undertaking; (entreprise de distribution)
network includes any operation where control over all or any part of the programs or program schedules of one or more broadcasting undertakings is delegated to another undertaking or person, but does not include such an operation that is an online undertaking; (réseau)
programming undertaking means an undertaking for the transmission of programs, either directly by radio waves or other means of telecommunication or indirectly through a distribution undertaking, for reception by the public by means of broadcasting receiving apparatus, but does not include such an undertaking that is an online undertaking; (entreprise de programmation)
(2)Subsection 2(1) of the Act is amended by adding the following in alphabetical order:
affiliate, in relation to any person, means any other person who controls that first person, or who is controlled by that first person or by a third person who also controls the first person; (affilié)
barrier has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Accessible Canada Act; (obstacle)
community element means the participation of members of the community in the content production of community media in the language of their choice, as well as in the day-to-day operations and administration of community media; (élément communautaire)
control, in the definition affiliate, in subparagraph 9.‍1(1)‍(i)‍(i) and in paragraph 9.‍1(1)‍(m), includes control in fact, whether or not through one or more persons; (contrôle)
Indigenous peoples has the meaning assigned by the definition aboriginal peoples of Canada in subsection 35(2) of the Constitution Act, 1982; (peuples autochtones)
online undertaking means an undertaking for the transmission or retransmission of programs over the Internet for reception by the public by means of broadcasting receiving apparatus; (entreprise en ligne)
programming control means control over the selection of programs for transmission, but does not include control over the selection of a programming service for retransmission; (contrôle de la programmation)
(3)Section 2 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (2):
Exclusion — carrying on broadcasting undertaking
(2.‍1)A person who uses a social media service to upload programs for transmission over the Internet and reception by other users of the service — and who is not the provider of the service or the provider’s affiliate, or the agent or mandatary of either of them — does not, by the fact of that use, carry on a broadcasting undertaking for the purposes of this Act.
Exclusion — transmission over the Internet
(2.‍2)A person does not carry on a broadcasting undertaking for the purposes of this Act whose transmission of programs over the Internet is
(a)ancillary to a business not primarily engaged in the transmission of programs to the public and is intended to provide information or services to clients;
(b)part of the operations of a primary or secondary school board, college, university or other institution of higher learning, a public library or a museum; or
(c)part of the operations of a theatre, concert hall or other venue for the presentation of live performing arts.
(3.‍1)Subsection 2(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Interpretation
(3)This Act shall be construed and applied in a manner that
(a)is consistent with the freedom of expression and journalistic, creative and programming independence enjoyed by broadcasting undertakings; and
(b)supports the commitment of the Government of Canada to enhance the vitality of both official languages and of official language minority communities in Canada.
2(1)Paragraph 3(1)‍(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(a)the Canadian broadcasting system shall be effectively owned and controlled by Canadians, and foreign broadcasting undertakings may also provide programming to Canadians;
(a.‍1)each broadcasting undertaking shall contribute to the implementation of the objectives of the broadcasting policy set out in this subsection in a manner that is appropriate in consideration of the nature of the services provided by the undertaking;
(1.‍1)Paragraph 3(1)‍(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(c)while sharing common aspects, English and French language broadcasting operate under different conditions — in particular, the minority context of French in North America — and may have different requirements;
(2)Subparagraph 3(1)‍(d)‍(iii) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(iii)through its programming and the employment opportunities arising out of its operations, serve the needs and interests of all Canadians — including Canadians from racialized communities and Canadians of diverse ethnocultural backgrounds, socio-economic statuses, abilities and disabilities, sexual orientations, gender identities and expressions, and ages — and reflect their circumstances and aspirations, including equal rights, the linguistic duality and multicultural and multiracial nature of Canadian society and the special place of Indigenous peoples within that society,
(iii.‍1)provide opportunities to Indigenous persons to produce programming in Indigenous languages, English or French, or in any combination of them, and to carry on broadcasting undertakings,
(iii.‍2)support the production and broadcasting of original programs in French,
(iii.‍3)enhance the vitality of official language minority communities and support and assist their development by taking into account their particular needs and interests — in particular that French is a minority language in Canada and that English is a minority language in Quebec — including through supporting the production and broadcasting of original programs by and for those communities,
(iii.‍4)support community broadcasting that reflects both the diversity of the communities being served and the high engagement and involvement in community broadcasting by members of those communities, including with respect to the languages in use within those communities and to the ethnocultural and Indigenous composition of the communities,
(iii.‍5)ensure that Canadian independent broadcasting undertakings continue to be able to play a vital role within that system,
(iii.‍6)serve the needs and interests of official language minority communities by providing them with opportunities to produce and access programming in English or French, and
(3)Paragraphs 3(1)‍(f) to (h) of the Act are replaced by the following:
(f)each Canadian broadcasting undertaking shall employ and make maximum use, and in no case less than predominant use, of Canadian creative and other human resources in the creation, production and presentation of programming, unless the nature of the service provided by the undertaking, such as specialized content or format or the use of languages other than French and English, renders that use impracticable, in which case the undertaking shall make the greatest practicable use of those resources;
(f.‍1)each foreign online undertaking shall make the greatest practicable use of Canadian creative and other human resources, and shall contribute in an equitable manner to strongly support the creation, production and presentation of Canadian programming, in accordance with the objectives of the broadcasting policy set out in this subsection and taking into account the linguistic duality of the market they serve;
(g)the programming over which a person who carries on a broadcasting undertaking has programming control should be of high standard;
(h)all persons who carry on broadcasting undertakings have a responsibility for the programs that they broadcast and over which they have programming control;
(3.‍1)Paragraph 3(1)‍(i) of the Act is amended by adding the following after subparagraph (i):
(i.‍1)recognize and support Canada’s linguistic duality by placing significant importance on the creation, production and broadcasting of French language original programs, including those from French linguistic minority communities,
(4)Subparagraphs 3(1)‍(i)‍(i) and (ii) of the Act are replaced by the following:
(i)be varied and comprehensive, providing a balance of information, enlightenment and entertainment for people of all ages, interests and tastes,
(ii)be drawn from local, regional, national and international sources, including, at the local level, from community broadcasters who, through collaboration with local organizations and community members, are in the unique position of being able to provide varied programming to meet the needs of specific audiences,
(4.‍1)Paragraph 3(1)‍(i) of the Act is amended by adding the following after subparagraph (ii):
(ii.‍1)include programs produced by Canadians that cover news and current events — from the local and regional to the national and international — and that reflect the viewpoints of Canadians, including the viewpoints of Indigenous persons and of Canadians from racialized communities and diverse ethnocultural backgrounds;
(5)Paragraphs 3(1)‍(k) and (l) of the Act are replaced by the following:
(k)a range of broadcasting services in English and in French shall be extended to all Canadians;
(l)the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, as the national public broadcaster, should provide broadcasting services incorporating a wide range of programming that informs, enlightens and entertains;
(6)Paragraphs 3(1)‍(o) to (s) of the Act are replaced by the following:
(o)programming that reflects the Indigenous cultures of Canada and programming that is in Indigenous languages should be provided within the Canadian broadcasting system, including by broadcasting undertakings that are carried on by Indigenous persons and community elements;
(p)programming that is accessible without barriers to persons with disabilities should be provided within the Canadian broadcasting system;
(q)online undertakings that provide the programming services of other broadcasting undertakings should
(i)ensure the discoverability of Canadian programming services and original Canadian content, including French language original content, in an equitable proportion, and
(ii)when programming services are supplied to them by other broadcasting undertakings under contractual arrangements, provide reasonable terms for the carriage, packaging and retailing of those programming services;
(r)online undertakings must clearly promote and recommend Canadian programming, in both official languages as well as Indigenous languages, and ensure that any means of control of the programming generates results allowing its discovery; and
3(1)Paragraph 5(2)‍(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(a)takes into account the different characteristics of English, French and Indigenous language broadcasting and the different conditions under which broadcasting undertakings that provide English, French or Indigenous language programming operate — including the minority context of French and Indigenous languages in North America — and the particular needs and interests of official language minority communities;
(a.‍1)takes into account the nature and diversity of the services provided by broadcasting undertakings, as well as their size, their impact on the Canadian creation and production industry and their contribution to the implementation of Canadian broadcasting policy objectives and any other characteristic that may be relevant in the circumstances;
(a.‍2)requires any broadcasting undertaking that cannot make maximum use, and in no case less than predominant use, of Canadian creative and other resources in the creation and presentation of programming to contribute to these Canadian resources in an equitable manner;
(1.‍1)Paragraph 5(2)‍(e) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(e)facilitates the provision of Canadian programs created and produced in both official languages, including those created and produced by official language minority communities, as well as in Indigenous languages, to Canadians;
(2)Subsection 5(2) of the Act is amended by adding the following after paragraph (e):
(e.‍1)facilitates the provision of programs that are accessible without barriers to persons with disabilities;
(3)Subsection 5(2) of the Act is amended by striking out “and” at the end of paragraph (f), by adding “and” at the end of paragraph (g) and by adding the following after paragraph (g):
(h)takes into account the variety of broadcasting undertakings to which this Act applies and avoids imposing obligations on any class of broadcasting undertakings if that imposition will not contribute in a material manner to the implementation of the broadcasting policy set out in subsection 3(1).
(4)The Act is amended by adding the following after section 5:
Official language minority communities
5.‍1In regulating and supervising the Canadian broadcasting system and exercising its powers under this Act, the Commission shall enhance the vitality of official language minority communities and support and assist their development.
Consultation
5.‍2(1)The Commission shall consult with official language minority communities when making decisions that could adversely affect them.
Objectives of the consultations
(2)When engaging in consultations required by subsection (1), the Commission shall
(a)gather information to test its policies, decisions and initiatives;
(b)propose policies, decisions and initiatives that have not been finalized;
(c)seek the opinions of the communities consulted with regard to the policies, decisions or initiatives that are the subject of the consultations;
(d)provide the communities consulted with all relevant information on which these policies, decisions or initiatives are based;
(e)openly and meaningfully consider the opinions provided by the communities consulted;
(f)be prepared to alter the policies, decisions or initiatives; and
(g)provide feedback to the communities consulted, both during the consultation process and after a decision has been made.
4The Act is amended by adding the following after section 7:
For greater certainty
7.‍1For greater certainty, orders may be made under section 7 with respect to the orders made under subsection 9.‍1(1) or 11.‍1(2) or the regulations made under subsection 10(1) or 11.‍1(1).
5(1)Subsections 8(2) and (3) of the Act are replaced by the following:
Representations
(2)The Minister shall
(a)specify in the notice the period — of at least 30 days from the day on which the notice was published under paragraph (1)‍(a) — during which interested persons may make representations; and
(b)publish, in any manner that the Minister considers appropriate, a report summarizing the representations that are made during that period.
Implementation of proposal
(3)The Governor in Council may, after the period referred to in paragraph (2)‍(a) has ended and the proposed order has been laid before each House of Parliament, implement the proposal by making an order under section 7, either in the form proposed or revised in the manner that the Governor in Council considers appropriate.
(2)Subsection 8(5) of the Act is repealed.
6(1)Paragraphs 9(1)‍(a) to (h) of the Act are replaced by the following:
(a)establish classes of licences other than for online undertakings;
(b)issue a licence, the term of which may be indefinite or fixed by the Commission;
(c)amend a licence as to its term, on the application of the licensee;
(d)amend a licence other than as to its term, on the application of the licensee or on the Commission’s own motion;
(e)renew a licence, the term of which may be indefinite or fixed by the Commission; and
(f)suspend or revoke a licence.
1994, c. 26, s. 10(F)
(2)Subsections 9(2) to (4) of the Act are replaced by the following:
Exemptions
(4)The Commission shall, by order, on the terms and conditions that it considers appropriate, exempt persons who carry on broadcasting undertakings of any class specified in the order from any or all of the requirements of this Part, of an order made under section 9.‍1 or of a regulation made under this Part if the Commission is satisfied that compliance with those requirements will not have a significant effect on the implementation of the broadcasting policy set out in subsection 3(1).
Review
(5)The Commission shall review the exemption order if it considers compliance with the order to have a significant effect on the implementation of the Canadian broadcasting policy.
7The Act is amended by adding the following after section 9:
Conditions
9.‍1(1)The Commission may, in furtherance of its objects, make orders imposing conditions on the carrying on of broadcasting undertakings that the Commission considers appropriate for the implementation of the broadcasting policy set out in subsection 3(1), including conditions respecting
(a)the proportion of programs to be broadcast that shall be Canadian programs and the proportion of time that shall be devoted to the broadcasting of Canadian programs;
(a.‍1)the proportion of Canadian programs to be broadcast that shall be French language original programs, including first-run programs;
(b)the presentation of programs and programming services for selection by the public, including the showcasing and the discoverability of Canadian programs and programming services, such as French language original programs;
(c)a requirement for a person carrying on a broadcasting undertaking, other than an online undertaking, to obtain the approval of the Commission before entering into any contract with a telecommunications common carrier, as defined in the Telecommunications Act, for the distribution of programming directly to the public;
(d)a requirement for a person carrying on a distribution undertaking to give priority to the carriage of broadcasting;
(e)a requirement for a person carrying on a distribution undertaking to carry, on the terms and conditions that the Commission considers appropriate, programming services, specified by the Commission, that are provided by a broadcasting undertaking;
(e.‍1)a requirement, without terms or conditions, for a person carrying on an online undertaking to carry programming services, specified by the Commission, that are provided by a broadcasting undertaking;
(e.‍2)the expenditures to be made by persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings for the purposes set out in subsection 11.‍1(1);
(f)terms and conditions of service in contracts between distribution undertakings and their subscribers;
(g)access by persons with disabilities to programming, including the identification, prevention and removal of barriers to such access;
(h)the carriage of emergency messages;
(h.‍1)any change in the ownership or control of a Canadian broadcasting undertaking, that is not an online undertaking, carried on under a licence;
(i)the provision to the Commission, by licensees or persons exempt from the requirement to hold a licence under an order made under subsection 9(4), of information related to
(i)the ownership, governance and control of those licensees or exempt persons, and
(ii)the affiliation of those licensees or exempt persons with any affiliates carrying on broadcasting undertakings;
(i.‍1)in relation to online undertakings that provide a social media service, the discoverability of Canadian creators of programs;
(j)the provision to the Commission, by persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings, of any other information that the Commission considers necessary for the administration of this Act, including
(i)financial or commercial information,
(ii)information related to programming,
(iii)information related to expenditures made under section 11.‍1,
(iv)information related to audience measurement, other than information that could identify any individual audience member, and
(v)other information related to the provision of broadcasting services;
(k)the proportion of programs to be broadcast that shall be original French language programs, while ensuring that these programs represent a significant proportion of Canadian programs;
(l)the proportion of programs to be broadcast that shall be devoted to specific genres in order to ensure the diversity of programming; and
(m)continued Canadian ownership and control by broadcasting undertakings.
Application
(2)An order made under this section may be made applicable to all persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings, to all persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings of any class established by the Commission in the order or to a particular person carrying on a broadcasting undertaking.
Non-application
(3)The Statutory Instruments Act does not apply to orders made under this section.
Exception — online undertaking
(3.‍1)Orders made under this section, other than orders made under paragraph (1)‍(e.‍2), (i.‍1) or (j), do not apply in respect of programs that are uploaded to an online undertaking that provides a social media service by a user of the service — if that user is not the provider of the service or the provider’s affiliate, or the agent or mandatary of either of them — for transmission over the Internet and reception by other users of the service.
Interpretation
(3.‍2)For greater certainty, paragraph (1)‍(i.‍1) shall be construed and applied in a manner that is consistent with the freedom of expression enjoyed by users of social media services provided by online undertakings.
Publication and representations
(4)A copy of each order that the Commission proposes to make under this section shall be published on the Commission’s website and a reasonable opportunity shall be given to persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings and other interested persons to make representations to the Commission with respect to the proposed order.
Publication
(5)The Commission shall publish each order that is made under this section on its website.
Good faith negotiation
(6)The person carrying on an online undertaking to whom an order made under paragraph (1)‍(e.‍1) applies and the person carrying on the broadcasting undertaking whose programming services are specified in the order must negotiate the terms for the carriage of the programming services in good faith.
Facilitation
(7)The Commission may facilitate those negotiations at the request of either party to the negotiations.
Programming control — social media service
9.‍2An online undertaking that provides a social media service is deemed not to exercise programming control over programs uploaded by any user of the social media service who is not the provider of the service or the provider’s affiliate, or the agent or mandatary of either of them.
8(1)The portion of subsection 10(1) of the French version of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:
Règlements
10(1)Dans l’exécution de sa mission, le Conseil peut prendre des règlements :
(2)Paragraph 10(1)‍(a) of the Act is repealed.
(3)Paragraph 10(1)‍(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(b)prescribing what constitutes a Canadian program for the purposes of this Act and, in doing so, shall consider
(i)whether Canadians own and control intellectual property rights over Canadian programs for exploitation purposes, and retain a material and equitable portion of their value,
(ii)whether key creative positions are primarily held by Canadians,
(iii)whether Canadian artistic and cultural content and expression are supported,
(iv)whether, for the purpose of subparagraph (i), online undertakings and programming undertakings collaborate with
(A)independent Canadian producers,
(B)a Canadian broadcaster producing its own content, or
(C)a producer affiliated with a Canadian broadcaster, and
(v)any other matter that may be prescribed by regulation;
Regulations
(1.‍1)The Governor in Council may make regulations prescribing matters that the Commission is required to consider under subparagraph (1)‍(b)‍(v).
(4)Paragraph 10(1)‍(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(c)respecting standards for programs over which a person carrying on a broadcasting undertaking has programming control and the allocation of broadcasting time, for the purpose of giving effect to the broadcasting policy set out in subsection 3(1);
(5)Paragraph 10(1)‍(d) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:
d)concernant la nature de la publicité et le temps d’antenne qui peut y être consacré;
(6)Paragraph 10(1)‍(e) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(e)respecting, in relation to a broadcasting undertaking other than an online undertaking, the proportion of time that may be devoted to the broadcasting of programs, including advertisements or announcements, of a partisan political character and the assignment of that time on an equitable basis to political parties and candidates;
(7)Paragraphs 10(1)‍(f) to (h) of the French version of the Act are replaced by the following:
f)prescrivant les conditions d’exploitation des entreprises de programmation faisant partie d’un réseau ainsi que les conditions de radiodiffusion des émissions de réseau et concernant le temps d’antenne à réserver à celles-ci par ces entreprises;
g)concernant la fourniture de services de programmation — même étrangers — par les entreprises de distribution;
h)pourvoyant au règlement — notamment par la médiation — de différends concernant la fourniture de programmation et survenant entre les entreprises de programmation qui la transmettent et les entreprises de distribution;
(8)Paragraphs 10(1)‍(i) and (j) of the Act are replaced by the following:
(h.‍1)respecting unjust discrimination by a person carrying on a broadcasting undertaking and undue or unreasonable preference given, or undue or unreasonable disadvantage imposed, by such a person;
(i)respecting the registration of broadcasting undertakings with the Commission;
(j)respecting the audit or examination of records and books of account of persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings by the Commission or persons acting on behalf of the Commission; and
(9)Paragraph 10(1)‍(k) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:
k)concernant toute autre mesure qu’il estime nécessaire à l’exécution de sa mission.
(10)Subsections 10(2) and (3) of the Act are replaced by the following:
Application
(2)A regulation made under this section may be made applicable to all persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings or to all persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings of any class established by the Commission in the regulation.
Publication and representations
(3)A copy of each regulation that the Commission proposes to make under this section shall be published in the Canada Gazette and a reasonable opportunity shall be given to persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings and other interested persons to make representations to the Commission with respect to the regulation.
Non-application of certain regulations
(4)Regulations made under this section, other than regulations made under paragraph (1)‍(i) or (j), do not apply with respect to programs that are uploaded to an online undertaking that provides a social media service by a user of the service — if that user is not the provider of the service or the provider’s affiliate, or the agent or mandatary of either of them — for transmission over the Internet and reception by other users of the service.
9(1)The portion of subsection 11(1) of the French version of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:
Règlements : droits
11(1)Le Conseil peut prendre des règlements :
(2)Paragraphs 11(1)‍(a) to (d) of the Act are replaced by the following:
(a)with the approval of the Treasury Board, establishing schedules of fees to be paid by persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings of any class;
(b)providing for the establishment of classes of broadcasting undertakings for the purposes of paragraph (a);
(c)providing for the payment of any fees payable by a person carrying on a broadcasting undertaking, including the time and manner of payment;
(d)respecting the interest payable by such a person in respect of any overdue fee; and
(3)Paragraph 11(1)‍(e) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:
e)concernant toute autre mesure d’application du présent article qu’il estime nécessaire.
(4)The portion of subsection 11(2) of the English version of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:
Criteria
(2)Regulations made under paragraph (1)‍(a) may provide for fees to be calculated by reference to any criteria that the Commission considers appropriate, including by reference to
(5)Paragraph 11(2)‍(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(a)the revenues of the persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings;
(6)Paragraph 11(2)‍(b) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:
(b)the performance of the persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings in relation to objectives established by the Commission, including objectives for the broadcasting of Canadian programs; and
(7)Paragraph 11(2)‍(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(c)the market served by the persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings.
(8)Subsection 11(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Exceptions
(3)No regulations made under subsection (1) shall apply to the Corporation or to persons carrying on programming undertakings on behalf of Her Majesty in right of a province.
Restriction — non-licensees
(3.‍1)The only fees that may be established with respect to a broadcasting undertaking that may be carried on without a licence shall be fees that relate to the recovery of the costs of the Commission’s activities under this Act.
(9)Subsection 11(4) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:
Debt due to Her Majesty
(4)Fees payable under this section and any interest in respect of them constitute a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be recovered as such in any court of competent jurisdiction.
(10)Subsection 11(5) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Publication and representations
(5)A copy of each regulation that the Commission proposes to make under this section shall be published in the Canada Gazette and a reasonable opportunity shall be given to persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings and other interested persons to make representations to the Commission with respect to the regulation.
10The Act is amended by adding the following after section 11:
Regulations — expenditures
11.‍1(1)The Commission may make regulations respecting expenditures to be made by persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings for the purposes of
(a)developing, financing, producing or promoting Canadian audio or audio-visual programs, including independent productions, for broadcasting by broadcasting undertakings;
(b)supporting, promoting or training Canadian creators of audio or audio-visual programs for broadcasting by broadcasting undertakings; or
(c)supporting participation by persons, groups of persons or organizations representing the public interest in proceedings before the Commission under this Act.
Minimum expenditures — original French language programs
(1.‍1)Regulations made under paragraph (1)‍(a) must prescribe the minimum share of expenditures that must be allocated to Canadian original French language programs in the case of broadcasting undertakings that offer programs in both official languages.
Order — particular broadcasting undertaking
(2)The Commission may make an order respecting expenditures to be made by a particular person carrying on a broadcasting undertaking for any of the purposes set out in paragraphs (1)‍(a) to (c).
Application of regulations
(3)A regulation made under this section may be made applicable to all persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings or to all persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings of any class established by the Commission in the regulation.
Recipients
(4)Regulations and orders made under this section may provide that an expenditure is to be paid to any person or organization, other than the Commission, or into any fund, other than a fund administered by the Commission.
Criteria
(5)Regulations and orders made under this section may provide for expenditures to be calculated by reference to any criteria that the Commission considers appropriate, including by reference to
(a)the revenues of the persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings;
(b)the performance of the persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings in relation to objectives established by the Commission, including objectives for the broadcasting of Canadian programs; and
(c)the market served by the persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings.
Publication and representations
(6)A copy of each regulation that the Commission proposes to make under this section shall be published in the Canada Gazette and a copy of each proposed order shall be published on the Commission’s website. A reasonable opportunity shall be given to persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings and other interested persons to make representations to the Commission with respect to the regulation or order.
Non-application
(7)The Statutory Instruments Act does not apply to orders made under subsection (2).
2014, c. 39, s. 191(1); 2019, c. 10, s. 161(1)
11Subsection 12(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Inquiries
12(1)The Commission may inquire into, hear and determine a matter if it appears to the Commission that
(a)any person is contravening or has contravened this Part or any regulation, licence, decision or order made or issued by the Commission under this Part;
(b)any person is contravening or has contravened section 34.‍1;
(c)any person is contravening or has contravened sections 42 to 44 of the Accessible Canada Act; or
(d)the circumstances may require the Commission to make any decision or order or to give any approval that it is authorized to make or give under this Part or under any regulation or order made under this Part.
12Paragraph 18(1)‍(c) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(c)the establishing of any performance objectives for the purposes of paragraphs 11(2)‍(b) and 11.‍1(5)‍(b); and
12.‍1Subsection 20(4) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Consultation
(4)The members of a panel established under subsection (1) shall consult with the Commission, and may consult with any officer of the Commission, for the purpose of ensuring a consistency of interpretation of the broadcasting policy set out in subsection 3(1), the regulatory policy set out in subsection 5(2), the orders made under section 9.‍1, the regulations made under sections 10 and 11 and the regulations and orders made under section 11.‍1.
13Section 21 of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:
Règles
21Le Conseil peut établir des règles concernant l’instruction des affaires dont il est saisi, notamment la procédure applicable à la présentation des demandes d’attribution, de modification, de renouvellement, de suspension ou de révocation de licences, la présentation des observations et des plaintes et le déroulement des audiences.
14Subsections 23(1) to (3) of the Act are replaced by the following:
Consultation between Commission and Corporation
23(1)The Commission shall, at the request of the Corporation, consult with the Corporation with regard to any conditions that the Commission proposes to impose under subsection 9.‍1(1) — or with regard to any regulation or order that the Commission proposes to make under section 11.‍1 — that would apply with respect to the Corporation.
Reference to Minister
(2)If, despite the consultation provided for in subsection (1), the Commission imposes any condition, or makes any regulation or order, referred to in subsection (1) that the Corporation is satisfied would unreasonably impede the Corporation in providing the programming contemplated by paragraphs 3(1)‍(l) and (m), the Corporation may, within 30 days after the condition is imposed or the regulation or order is made, refer the condition, regulation or order to the Minister for consideration.
Ministerial directive
(3)Subject to subsection (4), the Minister may, within 90 days after a condition, regulation or order is referred to the Minister under subsection (2), issue to the Commission a written directive with respect to the condition, regulation or order and the Commission shall comply with any such directive issued by the Minister.
15Paragraph 24(1)‍(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(a)the licensee has contravened any order made under subsection 9.‍1(1), 11.‍1(2) or 12(2) or any regulation made under this Part; or
16Subsection 25(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Report of contravention by Corporation
25(1)If the Commission is satisfied, after a public hearing on the matter, that the Corporation has contravened section 31.‍1, any order made under subsection 9.‍1(1), 11.‍1(2) or 12(2) or any regulation made under this Part, the Commission shall forward to the Minister a report setting out the circumstances of the contravention, the findings of the Commission and any observations or recommendations of the Commission in connection with the contravention.
17The Act is amended by adding the following after section 25:
Provision of Information by Commission
Minister or Chief Statistician
25.‍1The Commission shall, on request, provide the Minister or the Chief Statistician of Canada with any information submitted to the Commission in respect of a broadcasting undertaking.
Access to information
25.‍2Subject to section 25.‍3, the Commission shall make available for public inspection any information submitted to the Commission in the course of proceedings before it.
Confidential information
25.‍3(1)A person who submits any of the following information to the Commission may designate it as confidential:
(a)information that is a trade secret;
(b)financial, commercial, scientific or technical information that is confidential and that is treated consistently in a confidential manner by the person who submitted it; or
(c)information the disclosure of which could reasonably be expected
(i)to result in material financial loss or gain to any person,
(ii)to prejudice the competitive position of any person, or
(iii)to affect contractual or other negotiations of any person.
Information not to be disclosed
(2)Subject to subsections (4), (5) and (7), if a person designates information as confidential and the designation is not withdrawn by that person, no person described in subsection (3) shall knowingly disclose the information, or knowingly allow it to be disclosed, to any other person in any manner that is intended or likely to make it available for the use of any person who may benefit from the information or use it to the detriment of any person to whose business or affairs the information relates.
Persons who shall not disclose information
(3)Subsection (2) applies to any person referred to in any of the following paragraphs who comes into possession of designated information while holding the office or employment described in that paragraph, whether or not the person has ceased to hold that office or be so employed:
(a)a member of, or a person employed by, the Commission;
(b)in respect of information disclosed under paragraph (4)‍(b) or (5)‍(b), the Commissioner of Competition appointed under the Competition Act or a person whose duties involve the carrying out of that Act and who is referred to in section 25 of that Act;
(c)in respect of information provided under section 25.‍1, the Minister, the Chief Statistician of Canada or an agent of or a person employed in the federal public administration.
Disclosure of information submitted in proceedings
(4)If designated information is submitted in the course of proceedings before the Commission, the Commission may
(a)disclose the information or require its disclosure if the Commission determines, after considering any representations from interested persons, that the disclosure is in the public interest; and
(b)disclose the information or require its disclosure to the Commissioner of Competition on the Commissioner’s request if the Commission determines that the information is relevant to competition issues being considered in the proceedings.
Disclosure of other information
(5)If designated information is submitted to the Commission otherwise than in the course of proceedings before it, the Commission may
(a)disclose the information or require its disclosure if, after considering any representations from interested persons, the Commission considers that the information is relevant to a matter arising in the exercise of its powers or the performance of its duties and functions and determines that the disclosure is in the public interest; and
(b)disclose the information or require its disclosure to the Commissioner of Competition, on the Commissioner’s request, if the Commission considers that the information is relevant to competition issues that are related to such a matter.
Information disclosed to Commissioner of Competition
(6)Neither the Commissioner of Competition nor any person whose duties involve the administration and enforcement of the Competition Act and who is referred to in section 25 of that Act shall use information that is disclosed
(a)under paragraph (4)‍(b) other than to facilitate the Commissioner’s participation in proceedings referred to in subsection (4); or
(b)under paragraph (5)‍(b) other than to facilitate the Commissioner’s participation in a matter referred to in subsection (5).
Information inadmissible
(7)Designated information that is not disclosed or required to be disclosed under this section is not admissible in evidence in any judicial proceedings except proceedings for failure to submit information required to be submitted under this Act or for forgery, perjury or false declaration in relation to the submission of the information.
18(1)Subsection 28(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Setting aside or referring decisions back to Commission
28(1)If the Commission makes a decision under section 9 to issue, amend or renew a licence, the Governor in Council may, within 180 days after the date of the decision, on petition in writing of any person received within 45 days after that date or on the Governor in Council’s own motion, by order, set aside the decision or refer the decision back to the Commission for reconsideration and hearing of the matter by the Commission, if the Governor in Council is satisfied that the decision derogates from the attainment of the objectives of the broadcasting policy set out in subsection 3(1).
(2)Paragraph 28(3)‍(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(b)rescind the issue of the licence and issue a licence to another person; or
(3)Subsections 28(4) and (5) of the Act are repealed.
19(1)Subsection 29(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Filing of petitions
29(1)Every person who petitions the Governor in Council under subsection 28(1) shall at the same time send a copy of the petition to the Commission.
(2)Subsection 29(3) of the English version of the Act is replaced by the following:
Register
(3)The Commission shall establish and maintain a public register in which shall be kept a copy of each petition received by the Commission.
20The Act is amended by adding the following after section 31:
Prohibition
Carrying on broadcasting undertaking
31.‍1(1)A person shall not carry on a broadcasting undertaking unless
(a)they do so in accordance with a licence issued to them; or
(b)they are exempt, under an order made under subsection 9(4), from the requirement to hold a licence.
Exception — online undertaking
(2)Despite subsection (1), a person may carry on an online undertaking without a licence and without being so exempt.
21Sections 32 to 34 of the Act are replaced by the following:
Broadcasting contrary to Act
32Every person who contravenes section 31.‍1 is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable
(a)in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $25,000 for each day that the offence continues; or
(b)in the case of a corporation, to a fine of not more than $250,000 for each day that the offence continues.
Contravention of regulation or order
33Every person who contravenes any regulation or order made under this Part is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable
(a)in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $25,000 for a first offence and of not more than $50,000 for each subsequent offence; or
(b)in the case of a corporation, to a fine of not more than $250,000 for a first offence and of not more than $500,000 for each subsequent offence.
Defence
33.‍1A person is not to be found guilty of an offence under section 32 or 33 if they establish that they exercised due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.
Limitation
34Proceedings in respect of an offence under section 33 may be instituted within, but not after, two years after the day on which the subject matter of the proceedings arose.

Consultation and Review

Regulations and orders
34.‍01(1)Every seven years the Commission shall consult with all interested persons with respect to orders made under section 9.‍1 and regulations and orders made under section 11.‍1 and shall publish, on the Internet or otherwise, a report on the consultations that also lists the orders and regulations that the Commission proposes to review as a result of the consultations and sets out its plan for conducting the review.
Publication of report
(2)The Commission shall publish the first report within seven years after the day on which this subsection comes into force and, subsequently, within seven years after the day on which the most recent report is published.
22The Act is amended by adding the following after section 34.‍2:
Defence
34.‍21A person is not to be found guilty of an offence under section 34.‍2 if they establish that they exercised due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.
23The Act is amended by adding the following after section 34.‍3:
PART II.‍2
Administrative Monetary Penalties
Violations
34.‍4(1)Subject to a regulation made under paragraph 34.‍995(a), a person commits a violation if they
(a)contravene a regulation or order made under Part II;
(a.‍1)contravene the requirement to negotiate in good faith under subsection 9.‍1(6);
(b)carry on a broadcasting undertaking in contravention of section 31.‍1;
(c)charge a subscriber for providing the subscriber with a paper bill in contravention of section 34.‍1;
(d)contravene an undertaking that they entered into under section 34.‍9;
(e)fail to submit information in accordance with a notice issued under section 34.‍996 to a person designated under paragraph 34.‍7(a) that the designated person requires by the notice;
(f)knowingly make a material misrepresentation of fact in contravention of section 34.‍997; or
(g)contravene any of subsections 42(1) to (4) and (7), 43(1) to (3) and 44(1) to (3) and (6) of the Accessible Canada Act.
Continued violation
(2)A violation that is continued on more than one day constitutes a separate violation in respect of each day on which it is continued.
Maximum administrative monetary penalty
34.‍5(1)A person who commits a violation is liable to an administrative monetary penalty
(a)in the case of an individual, of not more than $25,000 for a first violation and of not more than $50,000 for each subsequent violation; or
(b)in any other case, of not more than $10 million for a first violation and of not more than $15 million for each subsequent violation.
Criteria for penalty
(2)The amount of the penalty is to be determined by taking into account the following factors:
(a)the nature and scope of the violation;
(b)the history of compliance by the person who committed the violation with this Act, the regulations and the decisions and orders made by the Commission under this Act;
(c)the person’s history with respect to any previous undertaking entered into under section 34.‍9;
(d)any benefit that the person obtained from the commission of the violation;
(e)the person’s ability to pay the penalty;
(f)any factors established by regulation;
(g)the purpose of the penalty, which is to promote compliance with this Act — or, in the case of a penalty imposed for a violation referred to in paragraph 34.‍4(1)‍(g), compliance with the Accessible Canada Act — and not to punish; and
(h)any other relevant factor.
Purpose of penalty
(3)The purpose of the penalty is to promote compliance with this Act — or, in the case of a penalty imposed for a violation referred to in paragraph 34.‍4(1)‍(g), compliance with the Accessible Canada Act — and not to punish.
Procedures
34.‍6(1)Despite subsection 34.‍8(1), the Commission may impose a penalty in a decision made in the course of a proceeding before it under this Act in which it finds that a violation referred to in section 34.‍4 has been committed by a person other than the person who entered into an undertaking under section 34.‍9 in connection with the same act or omission giving rise to the violation.
For greater certainty
(2)For greater certainty, the Commission is not to impose a penalty under subsection (1) on a person who has not been given the opportunity to be heard.
Designation
34.‍7The Commission may
(a)designate persons or classes of persons who are authorized to issue notices of violation or to accept an undertaking under section 34.‍9; and
(b)establish, in respect of each violation, a short-form description to be used in notices of violation.
Notice of violation
34.‍8(1)A person who is authorized to issue notices of violation may, if they believe on reasonable grounds that another person has committed a violation, issue a notice of violation and cause it to be served on that other person.
Contents
(2)The notice of violation shall set out
(a)the name of the person who is believed to have committed a violation;
(b)the act or omission giving rise to the violation, as well as a reference to the provision that is at issue;
(c)the administrative monetary penalty that the person is liable to pay, as well as the time and manner in which the person may pay the penalty;
(d)a statement informing the person that they may pay the penalty or make representations to the Commission with respect to the violation and the penalty and informing them of the time and manner for making such representations; and
(e)a statement informing the person that, if they do not pay the penalty or make representations in accordance with the notice, they will be deemed to have committed the violation and the penalty may be imposed.
Undertaking
34.‍9(1)A person may enter into an undertaking at any time. The undertaking is valid upon its acceptance by the Commission or, if it is entered into by a person other than the Corporation, upon its acceptance by the Commission or the person designated to accept an undertaking.
Requirements
(2)An undertaking referred to in subsection (1)
(a)shall set out every act or omission that is covered by the undertaking;
(b)shall set out every provision that is at issue;
(c)may contain any conditions that the Commission or the person designated to accept the undertaking considers appropriate; and
(d)may include a requirement to pay a specified amount.
Before notice of violation
(3)If a person enters into an undertaking, a notice of violation shall not be served on them in connection with any act or omission referred to in the undertaking.
After notice of violation
(4)If a person enters into an undertaking after a notice of violation is served on them, the proceeding that is commenced by the notice of violation is ended in respect of that person in connection with any act or omission referred to in the undertaking.
Powers respecting hearings
34.‍91For greater certainty, the Commission has all the powers, rights and privileges referred to in section 16 if, in a proceeding in respect of a violation, it holds a public hearing under subsection 18(3).
Payment of penalty
34.‍92(1)If a person who is served with a notice of violation pays the penalty set out in the notice, they are deemed to have committed the violation and the proceedings in respect of it are ended.
Representations to Commission and decision
(2)If a person who is served with a notice of violation makes representations in accordance with the notice, the Commission shall decide, on a balance of probabilities, after considering any other representations that it considers appropriate, whether the person committed the violation. If the Commission decides that the person committed the violation, it may
(a)impose the administrative monetary penalty set out in the notice, a lesser penalty or no penalty; and
(b)suspend payment of the administrative monetary penalty subject to any conditions that the Commission considers necessary to ensure compliance with this Act.
Penalty
(3)If a person who is served with a notice of violation neither pays the penalty nor makes representations in accordance with the notice, the person is deemed to have committed the violation and the Commission may impose the penalty.
Copy of decision and notice of rights
(4)The Commission shall cause a copy of any decision made under subsection (2) or (3) to be issued and served on the person together with a notice of the person’s right to apply for leave to appeal under section 31.
Evidence
34.‍93In a proceeding in respect of a violation, a notice purporting to be served under subsection 34.‍8(1) or a copy of a decision purporting to be served under subsection 34.‍92(4) is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it.
Defence
34.‍94(1)A person is not to be found liable for a violation, other than a violation under paragraph 34.‍4(1)‍(a.‍1) or (f), if they establish that they exercised due diligence to prevent its commission.
Common law principles
(2)Every rule and principle of the common law that makes any circumstance a justification or excuse in relation to a charge for an offence applies in respect of a violation to the extent that it is not inconsistent with this Act.
Directors, officers, etc.‍, of corporations
34.‍95An officer, director or agent or mandatary of a corporation other than the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, that commits a violation is liable for the violation if they directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the violation, whether or not the corporation is proceeded against.
Vicarious liability
34.‍96A person, other than the Corporation, is liable for a violation that is committed by their employee acting within the scope of their employment or their agent or mandatary acting within the scope of their authority, whether or not the employee or agent or mandatary is identified or proceeded against.
Limitation or prescription period
34.‍97(1)Proceedings in respect of a violation may be instituted within, but not after, three years after the day on which the subject matter of the proceedings became known to the Commission.
Certificate
(2)A document that appears to have been issued by the secretary to the Commission, certifying the day on which the subject matter of any proceedings became known to the Commission, is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person who appears to have signed the document and is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, proof of the matter asserted in it.
Information may be made public
34.‍98The Commission may make public
(a)the name of a person who enters into an undertaking under section 34.‍9, the nature of the undertaking including the acts or omissions and provisions at issue, the conditions included in the undertaking and the amount payable under it, if any; or
(b)the name of a person who is deemed, or is found by the Commission or on appeal, to have committed a violation, the acts or omissions and provisions at issue and the amount of the penalty imposed, if any.
Special case concerning the Corporation — public hearing
34.‍99(1)Despite subsections 34.‍6(1) and 34.‍92(2) and (3), the Commission shall not impose a penalty under any of those subsections on the Corporation for a violation other than the one referred to in paragraph 34.‍4(1)‍(g) without holding a public hearing on the matter.
Place of hearing
(2)A public hearing under subsection (1) may be held at any place in Canada designated by the Chairperson of the Commission.
Notice of hearing
(3)The Commission shall cause notice of any public hearing to be held by it under subsection (1) to be published in the Canada Gazette and in one or more newspapers of general circulation within any area affected or likely to be affected by the matter to which the public hearing relates.
Powers respecting hearings
(4)The Commission has, in respect of any hearing under subsection (1), with regard to the attendance, swearing and examination of witnesses at the hearing, the production and inspection of documents and other matters necessary or proper in relation to the hearing, all of the powers, rights and privileges that are vested in a superior court of record.
For greater certainty
(5)For greater certainty, sections 17, 20 and 21 apply in respect of public hearings under subsection (1).
Report of violation
34.‍991(1)If the Commission is satisfied, after holding a public hearing on the matter, that the Corporation has committed a violation referred to in any of paragraphs 34.‍4(1)‍(a) to (f), the Commission shall forward to the Minister a report setting out the circumstances of the violation, the findings of the Commission, the amount of any penalty imposed, and any observations or recommendations of the Commission in connection with the violation.
Report to be tabled
(2)The Minister shall cause a copy of the report referred to in subsection (1) to be laid before each House of Parliament on any of the first 15 days on which that House is sitting after the report is received by the Minister.
Violation or offence
34.‍992(1)If an act or omission can be proceeded with either as a violation or as an offence under this Act, proceeding in one manner precludes proceeding in the other.
For greater certainty
(2)For greater certainty, a violation is not an offence and, accordingly, section 126 of the Criminal Code does not apply.
Receiver General
34.‍993An administrative monetary penalty paid or recovered in relation to a violation is payable to the Receiver General.
Debt due to Her Majesty
34.‍994(1)The following amounts are debts due to Her Majesty in right of Canada that may be recovered in the Federal Court:
(a)the amount of the penalty imposed by the Commission in a decision made in the course of a proceeding before it under this Act in which it finds that a violation referred to in section 34.‍4 has been committed;
(b)the amount payable under an undertaking entered into under section 34.‍9, beginning on the day specified in the undertaking or, if no day is specified, beginning on the day on which the undertaking is accepted;
(c)the amount of the penalty set out in a notice of violation, beginning on the day on which it is required to be paid in accordance with the notice, unless representations are made in accordance with the notice;
(d)if representations are made, either the amount of the administrative monetary penalty that is imposed by the Commission or on appeal, as the case may be, beginning on the day specified by the Commission or the court or, if no day is specified, beginning on the day on which the decision is made; and
(e)the amount of any reasonable expenses incurred in attempting to recover an amount referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (d).
Limitation period or prescription
(2)Proceedings to recover a debt may be instituted within, but not after, three years after the day on which the debt becomes payable.
Certificate of default
(3)The Commission may issue a certificate for the unpaid amount of any debt referred to in subsection (1).
Effect of registration
(4)Registration of a certificate in the Federal Court has the same effect as a judgment of that Court for a debt of the amount set out in the certificate and all related registration costs.
Regulations
34.‍995The Governor in Council may make regulations
(a)providing for exceptions to any of paragraphs 34.‍4(1)‍(a) to (g);
(a.‍1)increasing the administrative monetary penalty amounts set out in subsection 34.‍5(1);
(b)for the purpose of paragraph 34.‍5(2)‍(f), establishing other factors to be considered in determining the amount of the penalty;
(c)respecting undertakings referred to in section 34.‍9;
(d)respecting the service of documents required or authorized to be served under this Part, including the manner and proof of service and the circumstances under which documents are to be considered to be served; and
(e)generally, for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Part.
PART II.‍3
Submission of Information
Information requirement
34.‍996A person designated under paragraph 34.‍7(a) who believes that a person is in possession of information that is reasonably considered to be relevant for the purpose of verifying whether a violation referred to in section 34.‍4 has been committed may, by notice, require that person to submit the information to the designated person in the form and manner and within the reasonable time that is stipulated in the notice. A person to whom any such notice is addressed shall comply with the notice.
PART II.‍4
Offence — Material Misrepresentation of Fact
Prohibition
34.‍997It is prohibited for any person to knowingly make a material misrepresentation of fact to a person designated under paragraph 34.‍7(a).
Offence
34.‍998(1)Every person who contravenes section 34.‍997 is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and is liable
(a)in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $10,000 for a first offence or and of not more than $25,000 for each subsequent offence; or
(b)in any other case, to a fine of not more than $100,000 for a first offence and of not more than $250,000 for each subsequent offence.
Limitation
(2)Proceedings in respect of an offence under subsection (1) may be instituted within, but not after, two years after the day on which the subject matter of the proceedings arose.
24(1)Paragraphs 38(1)‍(a) to (c) of the Act are replaced by the following:
(a)is engaged in the operation of a broadcasting undertaking described in subsection (3);
(b)has any pecuniary or proprietary interest in such a broadcasting undertaking; or
(c)is principally engaged in the production or distribution of program material that is primarily intended for use by such a broadcasting undertaking.
(2)Section 38 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (2):
Application
(3)Subsection (1) applies with respect to a broadcasting undertaking that
(a)must be carried on under a licence;
(b)is carried on by a person who is exempt from the requirement to hold a licence, under an order made under subsection 9(4); or
(c)must be registered with the Commission under regulations made under paragraph 10(1)‍(i).
25(1)The portion of subsection 46(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:
Objects and powers
46(1)The Corporation is established for the purpose of providing the programming contemplated by paragraphs 3(1)‍(l) and (m), subject to any applicable orders and regulations of the Commission, and for that purpose the Corporation may
(2)Paragraph 46(1)‍(b) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(b)make agreements with persons carrying on broadcasting undertakings for the broadcasting of programs;
(3)Subsections 46(2) and (3) of the Act are replaced by the following:
International service
(2)The Corporation shall, subject to any applicable orders and regulations of the Commission, provide an international service in accordance with any directions that the Governor in Council may issue.
Power to act as agent
(3)The Corporation may, subject to any applicable orders and regulations of the Commission, act as an agent of Her Majesty in right of Canada, or as an agent or mandatary of Her Majesty in right of a province, in respect of any broadcasting operations that it may be directed by the Governor in Council to carry out.
26Subsection 51(1) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:
Règlements administratifs
51(1)Le conseil d’administration peut prendre des règlements administratifs :
a)concernant la convocation de ses réunions;
b)concernant le déroulement de celles-ci ainsi que la constitution de comités permanents et spéciaux, la délégation de fonctions à ces comités — y compris ceux visés à l’article 45 — et la fixation de leur quorum;
c)fixant les honoraires des administrateurs autres que le président du conseil et le président-directeur général, pour leur présence à ses réunions ou à celles des comités, ainsi que les indemnités de déplacement et de séjour payables à tous les administrateurs;
d)concernant, d’une part, les obligations et le code de conduite des administrateurs et du personnel de la Société et, d’autre part, les conditions d’emploi et les modalités de cessation d’emploi de celui-ci, y compris le paiement à titre individuel ou collectif, de toute gratification — indemnité de retraite ou autre;
e)concernant la création et la gestion d’une caisse de retraite pour les administrateurs et le personnel de la Société et les personnes à leur charge, ainsi que les cotisations de celle-ci à cette caisse et le placement de ses fonds;
f)d’une façon générale, régissant la conduite des activités de la Société.

Related Amendments

2010, c. 23

An Act to promote the efficiency and adaptability of the Canadian economy by regulating certain activities that discourage reliance on electronic means of carrying out commercial activities, and to amend the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Act, the Competition Act, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act and the Telecommunications Act

27Section 5 of An Act to promote the efficiency and adaptability of the Canadian economy by regulating certain activities that discourage reliance on electronic means of carrying out commercial activities, and to amend the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Act, the Competition Act, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act and the Telecommunications Act is replaced by the following:
Broadcasting excluded
5This Act does not apply in respect of broadcasting by a broadcasting undertaking, other than an online undertaking, as those terms are defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act.
28Section 6 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (7):
Exception
(7.‍1)This section does not apply to a commercial electronic message that is sent or caused or permitted to be sent by an online undertaking, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act, if
(a)the person to whom the message is sent has expressly or implicitly consented to the transmission of a program, as defined in that subsection, from that online undertaking to an electronic address; and
(b)the message is or forms part of that program or is sent in the course of the transmission of that program to the electronic address to which that program is transmitted.
29The portion of subsection 10(9) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:
Implied consent — section 6
(9)For the purpose of section 6, except subsection 6(7.‍1), consent is implied only if
2018, c. 16

Cannabis Act

30Paragraph 23(2)‍(b) of the Cannabis Act is replaced by the following:
(b)in respect of broadcasting, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act, by
(i)a distribution undertaking, as defined in that subsection 2(1), that is lawful under that Act, other than the broadcasting of a promotion that is inserted by the undertaking, or
(ii)an online undertaking, as defined in that subsection 2(1), that is lawful under that Act, in respect of the retransmission of programs over the Internet, other than the broadcasting of a promotion that is inserted by the undertaking; and

Consequential Amendments

R.‍S.‍, c. A-1

Access to Information Act

31Schedule II to the Access to Information Act is amended by adding, in alphabetical order, a reference to:
Broadcasting Act
Loi sur la radiodiffusion
and a corresponding reference to “subsection 25.‍3(2)”.
R.‍S.‍, c. C-22

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Act

2019, c. 10, s. 147
32Subsection 13(2) of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Act is amended by striking out “and” at the end of paragraph (c) and by adding the following after paragraph (d):
(e)notices of violation issued under section 34.‍8 of the Broadcasting Act in relation to contraventions of a regulation or order made under Part II of that Act in relation to the identification, prevention and removal of barriers; and
(f)notices of violation issued under section 34.‍8 of the Broadcasting Act in relation to contraventions of any of subsections 42(1) to (4) and (7), 43(1) to (3) and 44(1) to (3) and (6) of the Accessible Canada Act.
R.‍S.‍, c. C-42

Copyright Act

1997, c. 24, s. 18(1); 2012, c. 20, s. 33
33Subsection 30.‍8(11) of the Copyright Act is replaced by the following:
Definition of programming undertaking
(11)In this section, programming undertaking means
(a)a programming undertaking, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act, that is carried on lawfully under that Act;
(b)a programming undertaking described in paragraph (a) that originates programs within a network, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act; or
(c)a distribution undertaking, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act, that is carried on lawfully under that Act, in respect of the programs that it originates.
For greater certainty, it does not include an online undertaking, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act.
1997, c. 24, s. 18(1)
33.‍1Subsection 30.‍9(7) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Definition of broadcasting undertaking
(7)In this section, broadcasting undertaking means a broadcasting undertaking, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act, that holds a broadcasting licence issued by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission under that Act. For greater certainty, it does not include an online undertaking, as defined in that subsection 2(1).
2002, c. 26, s. 2(2)
34(1)The definition new media retransmitter in subsection 31(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
new media retransmitter means a person whose retransmission would be lawful under the Broadcasting Act — as that Act read immediately before the day on which section 31.‍1 of that Act comes into force — only by reason of the Exemption order for digital media broadcasting undertakings, issued by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission as the appendix to Broadcasting Order CRTC 2012-409, as it read immediately before that day; (retransmetteur de nouveaux médias)
(2)The definition new media retransmitter in subsection 31(1) of the Act is repealed.
2002, c. 26, s. 2(1)
(3)The definition retransmitter in subsection 31(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
retransmitter has the meaning assigned by the regulations; (retransmetteur)
2002, c. 26, s. 2(3)
(4)Paragraph 31(3)‍(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(a)defining “retransmitter” for the purposes of this section;
(a.‍1)defining “local signal” and “distant signal” for the purposes of subsection (2); and
1992, c. 30

Referendum Act

35The portion of subsection 21(1) of the Referendum Act after paragraph (c) is replaced by the following:
shall, subject to the regulations made pursuant to that Act and to the conditions imposed on it under section 9.‍1 of that Act, make available, at no cost, to registered referendum committees for the transmission of referendum announcements and other programming produced by or on behalf of those committees an aggregate of three hours of broadcasting time during prime time.
36Subsection 24(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Free time not commercial time
(2)Despite subsection 21(1), the Broadcasting Act, any regulations made under that Act and any conditions imposed on a network operator under section 9.‍1 of that Act, free broadcasting time shall not be considered to be commercial time.
2000, c. 9

Canada Elections Act

2001, c. 21, s. 17
37Subsection 335(1) of the Canada Elections Act is replaced by the following:
Broadcasting time provided to registered parties
335(1)In the period beginning on the issue of the writs for a general election and ending at midnight on the day before polling day, every broadcaster shall, subject to the regulations made under the Broadcasting Act and the conditions imposed on it under section 9.‍1 of that Act, make available, for purchase by all registered parties for the transmission of political announcements and other programming produced by or on behalf of the registered parties, six and one-half hours of broadcasting time during prime time on its facilities.
38Subsection 339(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Broadcasting time provided to new eligible parties
(3)In addition to the broadcasting time to be made available under section 335, and within the period referred to in that section, every broadcaster shall, subject to the regulations made under the Broadcasting Act and to the conditions imposed on it under section 9.‍1 of that Act, make available, for purchase by every eligible party entitled to broadcasting time under this section, broadcasting time in the amount determined under this section for the eligible party for the transmission of political announcements and other programming produced by or on behalf of the eligible party during prime time on that broadcaster’s facilities.
2001, c. 21, s. 18
39The portion of subsection 345(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:
Free broadcasting time
345(1)In the period beginning on the issue of the writs for a general election and ending at midnight on the day before polling day at that election, every network operator shall, subject to the regulations made under the Broadcasting Act and to the conditions imposed on it under section 9.‍1 of that Act, make available, at no cost, to the registered parties and eligible parties referred to in subsection (2), for the transmission of political announcements and other programming produced by or on behalf of those parties, broadcasting time as determined under that subsection if the network formed and operated by the network operator
2019, c. 10

Accessible Canada Act

40Paragraph 42(1)‍(b) of the Accessible Canada Act is replaced by the following:
(b)the conditions imposed on the regulated entity under section 9.‍1 of the Broadcasting Act that relate to the identification and removal of barriers and the prevention of new barriers;
41Paragraph 118(3)‍(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:
(a)a condition imposed under section 9.‍1 of the Broadcasting Act;

Transitional Provisions

Definitions
42(1)The following definitions apply in this section and sections 43 to 46.
new Act means the Broadcasting Act as it reads as of the royal assent day.‍ (nouvelle loi)
old Act means the Broadcasting Act as it read immediately before the royal assent day.‍ (ancienne loi)
royal assent day means the day on which this Act receives royal assent.‍ (date de sanction)
Words and expressions
(2)Unless otherwise provided, words and expressions used in sections 43 to 46 have the same meanings as in the Broadcasting Act.
Conditions and requirements — deemed order
43(1)Each of the following is deemed to be a condition imposed under an order, made under section 9.‍1 of the new Act, that applies only with respect to a particular licensee:
(a)a condition of their licence imposed under section 9 of the old Act that, as of the royal assent day, could not be made the subject of an order under subsection 11.‍1(2) of the new Act;
(b)a requirement imposed on the licensee under any of paragraphs 9(1)‍(f) to (h) of the old Act.
Regulations — deemed order
(2)Any regulation made under paragraph 10(1)‍(a) or 10(1)‍(i) of the old Act is deemed to be an order made under section 9.‍1 of the new Act.
Expenditures — deemed regulations
44(1)The following are deemed to be regulations made under subsection 11.‍1(1) of the new Act:
(a)any terms and conditions imposed under an order made under subsection 9(4) of the old Act that, as of the royal assent day, could be the subject of such regulations; and
(b)any regulations made under subsection 10(1) of the old Act that, as of the royal assent day, could be made under subsection 11.‍1(1) of the new Act.
Expenditures — deemed order
(2)Any condition of a licensee’s licence that, as of the royal assent day, could be made the subject of an order under subsection 11.‍1(2) of the new Act is deemed to be a provision of such an order that applies only with respect to the licensee.
Section 28
45(1)Section 28 of the old Act continues to apply with respect to any decision of the Commission to issue, amend or renew a licence that is made before the royal assent day.
Interim licences
(2)A person is not permitted to make a petition — and the Governor in Council is not permitted to make an order — under subsection 28(1) of the new Act with respect to a decision to renew a licence made by the Commission during the transition period if the Commission specifies, in renewing that licence, that it is an interim licence and if its term is for no more than one year.
Definition of transition period
(3)In subsection (2), transition period means the period beginning on the royal assent day and ending on the second anniversary of that day.
Validation of expenditures
46(1)The expenditures described in subsection (2) are deemed to have been validly required by the Commission under the old Act.
Expenditures
(2)Subsection (1) applies with respect to the expenditures — including, for greater certainty, the contributions — that were made by a broadcasting undertaking before the royal assent day under
(a)a condition of a licence issued under the old Act;
(b)a term or condition of an order made under subsection 9(4) of that Act; or
(c)regulations made under section 10 of that Act.

Review

Review of Act
46.‍1(1)During the fifth year after this section comes into force, and every five years after that, a comprehensive review of the provisions and operation of this Act must be undertaken by the committee of the Senate, of the House of Commons or of both Houses of Parliament, that is designated or established for that purpose.
Report
(2)The committee must, within one year after the review is undertaken — or within any further period that the Senate, the House of Commons or both Houses of Parliament, as the case may be, authorizes — submit a report on the review to the appropriate House or, in the case of a committee of both Houses, to each House, that includes a statement of any changes that the committee recommends.

Coming into Force

Subsections 34(2) to (4)
47Subsections 34(2) to (4) come into force on a day to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council.
Published under authority of the Speaker of the House of Commons

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